May 31st  –  traveled two miles and came to a spring branch, in which there was running water. Came eight
miles to Horse Creek, crossed three miles above where it ran into the river, no timber here. Came on one mile
and nooned; there were some flies and the cattle ran like deer. We came four miles and climbed the bluffs
again, and here we struck the sand. Came six miles over the hills to the bottom again; came up the bottom
two miles and camped, good grass. The river is three-fourths mile from the road; there is timber in sight up
the river, but we had wood fetched from Scotts Bluff. We measured the road today with the wagon wheel.
Started at 5:30 o’clock in the morning, traveled until 5 o’clock in the evening, grazed one and one-half hours
at noon. Our wheel is fifteen and one-half feet around, and it rolled over seventy-eight hundred times, which
makes twenty-three miles, lacking one hundred and eighty yards. We sold one of our fiddles today for $5.00 in

June 1850

June 1st  –  we came one mile and there the bluffs came to the river, just room for the road; one mile further
to another trading house; came five miles in the bottom, and there the road turned on the bluff. When we got
on the bluffs, I saw the Laramie Mountains which are one hundred and twenty-five miles away. Traveled
thirteen and one-half miles and came to Laramie River, one and one-half miles from the Fort; here we
camped about one and one-half hours by sun. At 1 o’clock today we had a hail storm, the hail stones being
about the size of partridge eggs. Distance today twenty and one-half miles on the bluffs. Spruce pine timber
here, the first I have seen.
Water Color Painting ─ Fort Laramie
June 2nd  –  we crossed Laramie River at the lower ford, one-quarter mile above where it enters into the
Platte; it is fifty yards wide and two and one-half feet deep, and is very rapid. We came one and one-half miles
up Laramie River in the bottom to the Fort; it is a beautiful town and situation. It is three hundred and forty-
seven miles from Fort Kearney to Fort Laramie. Here we turned to the right and went across the hill one and
one-half miles to Platte River, found plenty of wood. The river here is about two hundred yards wide and very
deep. Came four miles, took the bluff near Sandy, came two miles, then into the bottom; came up the bottom
five miles, and there turned on the bluffs; come one and one-half miles over almost mountains, then into a
broad hollow. The Mormon Trail goes up that way to the left; we took the right, straight up the hill, and after
traveling over the hill one mile we came into the bottom between the two bluffs. At this point there is a stone
house built to burn lime in; three hundred yards more and there is a hollow; two hundred and forty yards to
the right is a food spring of water and three large trees right at the spring; we came two hundred yards and
camped, good grass to the right of the road in the first hollow. In this bottom there is a quantity of wild sage,
the mountains are covered with cedar and spruce pine. Plenty of wood, water and grass, plenty to eat and we
are “in town”; all are well. Distance sixteen and three-fourths miles today. When we passed Fort Laramie this
morning, emigrants had passed as follows: Men: 9,221; women: seventy-seven; children: forty-six; wagons:
2,588; horses: 9,210; mules: 2,961; oxen: 1,779; cows: one hundred.