June 11th  – we came four miles to some large, flat, marshy places; these places are very miry, and the water
is very poisonous. Here the road turns down to the left two hundred yards and crosses the flat, then comes up
the other side; the same distance down and at the lower end there is a good spring of water, and forty yards to
the left a branch of good water runs flush. Came six miles and struck the same branch; two miles farther and
crossed a branch with good running water, nothing here but sand; came five miles to the Saleratus Lake. The
Saleratus Springs are one mile above the road. This lake looks like it is covered with snow and the water is as
poisonous as arsenic. Came three miles and turned to the left one-half mile to Sweet Water River. It is fifty
yards wide and two feet deep. Here we camped; no wood, but plenty of grass across the river at the foot of the
mountain is plenty of sage for wood. Distance twenty miles. Our road today has been tolerably level, but the
last ten miles was all sand four inches deep, and made heavy pulling. This morning we start through the Rocky
Mountains. This is called the South Pass. The road is crowded with emigrants. All well and in fine spirits. We
have not had any grass for two days until tonight, teams look bad.
June 12th  – we came one mile to the Independence Rock; this is a small --?-- round rock, one mile in
circumference and two hundred feet high. Came one mile to the crossing of Sweet Water River; went up the
south side three miles, and here the road goes through a gap in the mountains and comes to the river. Here to
the right is what is called the Devil’s Gate. The river runs through the mountains.  The walls are four hundred
feet perpendicular. Came one-half mile to a branch, then on one-half mile to a rapid little stream that was bad
to cross; three miles to another branch bad to cross; four miles farther to an alkali branch with yellow, muddy
water; two and one-half miles to the bank of the river, where there is a beautiful camping ground, but no
wood except sage and grease wood, which is about the same. Here we camped, distance fifteen miles. We
started late, had hard roads all day, but the branches were very bad to cross. Sweet Water River is fifty yards
wide and two and one-half feet deep; it runs close to the foot of the Rocky Mountains. We followed up the river
all day and passed over about two miles of alkali. Bottom grass is not very good and the horse teams have up
that the oxen are bound to beat them; some have left their wagons and are packing. Be cautious about the
alkali water, especially in lakes and ponds. We were four miles from the Saleratus Springs and they stunk
worse than carrion, almost knocked a man down, so you can guess whether they are poison or not.
Independence  Rock, Wyoming