Archive photo from 1868 Union Pacific Rail Road Survey. Glass
negative photograph of Truckee River and Meadows near
present day cities of Sparks and Reno, Nevada
August 6th  –  we left the river and went around a very high mountain. After traveling six miles came to the
river again; up the river two miles and took dinner; twelve miles up the valley after dinner and camped near
the bluffs; plenty of good pine wood. Water and grass. We have found plenty of provisions for sale the last
eighty or ninety miles. Distance twenty miles.
August 7th  –  our road today is up the river valley, plenty of good wood, water and grass. After driving one and
one-half miles we came to the warm springs; they are very numerous and form quite a large lake that is full of
rushes. Traveled eleven miles more and took dinner, road very good. After dinner we left the bottom and
traveled over very rough and sandy roads, and camped on the river at the mouth of the Big Canyon; grass,
water and wood good. Here the mountains are covered with lofty pines and cedars. Distance today eighteen
miles.
August 8th  –  up the river we came for six miles with road so bad it is indescribable. After leaving the canyon
we came to a narrow valley with very little grass. This is on one fork of Salmon River. After dinner drove seven
miles up the creek and camped near the head of it. Grass good. Here the mountains are covered with the
finest of pine and cedar timber. Snow on the mountains is very deep and the weather cool. Distance today
thirteen miles.
August 9th  –  after driving one mile this morning we came to a small lake at the foot of the mountains; then
drove one-half mile up the steepest and roughest road that I ever saw in my life to the top of the mountain.
Thence down a canyon on a large branch four and one-half miles to a large lake, road very rough; here we
took dinner. Another mountain was before us this afternoon, which we ascended three miles and camped;
road very rough and steep; good grass, wood and water. Crossing these mountains is about what I would call
the second sight of the elephant. The road is so rough that I shall not make any pretensions to describing it.
Distance today nine miles.