leaves the bottom; came one mile on the ridge, turned off to the left one-half mile and camped on the river;
good grass tonight; distance today thirteen miles. It takes three men all the time to find grass and then we have
to do without sometimes. I have seen nine dead horses and one mule, but no oxen.
May 10th  –  we traveled eight miles and came into the bottom again; traveled ten miles and camped. All the way
up this bottom is sand and gravel; the road is getting dusty; not much grass tonight; distance eighteen miles. Is
supper ready boys? Yes.
May 11th  –  we traveled ten miles, then the road left the river; traveled four miles and turned off to the left one
and one-half miles to the river, where there was plenty of grass; distance fourteen miles. This is Saturday; we
all washed and shaved this evening, and are in fine spirits. There are three wagons and twelve men in company.
May 12th  –  we rested and observed Sunday. Had good grass today.
May 13th  –  we traveled six miles and crossed a creek; eight miles to a branch, without wood in sight; one mile
to a big pond; came six miles, stopped and got supper and grazed, but had no water; had to go to Platte River six
miles. We got there at 8 o’clock in the night; not much grass. Distance twenty-six miles.
Painting of Platte River Crossing
May 14th  –  traveled up the river four miles, stopped and crossed our teams over one slough of Platte to Grand
Island; it was two hundred yards wide and two feet deep. Stayed there until 3 o’clock, then traveled three miles
up the Platte River and camped on its bank; distance seven miles. We have to burn willows about the size of a
riding switch.
May 15th  –  we came seven miles, passed Fort Kearney at 11 o’clock, came two miles and camped on the bank
of Platte River. No wood tonight, but good grass. The river is one mile wide here. Platte bottom is very level,
sandy soil and about four miles wide. Distance today eighteen miles. I make it two hundred and ninety-five miles
from St. Joseph to Fort Kearney, but it has been surveyed and the survey makes it three hundred and one miles.
Water Color Painting ─  Wagons on the Trail and Calvary infantry at Fort Kearney, Nebraska